Appellations

In Provence, three major appellations produce 96% of the region’s Appellation d’Origine Protégée (AOP) wines. While these appellations share a Mediterranean climate, they produce wines with notable aromatic and stylistic diversity. Distinct microclimates and winemaking traditions create rosés of unique character and identity. Together, these appellations cover a surface area of more than 65,000 acres.

The major Provençal appellations are as follows:


KEY FACTS:

Area
49,000 acres

Production
Nearly 123 million bottles;
924,000 hectoliters (hl)

Rosé: 89%
Red: 7.5%
White: 3.5%

Producers
372 private cellars
38 cooperative cellars

Authorized yield
55 hl/hectare

Average yield
46 hl/hectare

Côtes de Provence AOP Rosé Wine Rules
Maximum Residual Sugar: 4 grams per liter
Primary Grape Varieties*: Cinsault, Grenache, Mourvèdre, Syrah, Tibouren
Secondary Grape Varieties*: Cabernet Sauvignon, Carignan
Clairette, Semillon, Ugni Blanc, Vermentino (aka Rolle)
Minimum Alcohol Level: 11%

*Varieties that are allowed to be planted


KEY FACTS:

Production
Rosé and red wines

Volume
22,000 hectoliters (rosé and red)

Producers
17 private cellars
5 cooperative cellars

Authorized yield
50 hl/hectare

Côtes de Provence Sainte-Victoire AOP Rosé Wine Rules
Maximum Residual Sugar: 4 grams per liter
Primary Grape Varieties*: Cinsault, Grenache, Syrah
Secondary Grape Varieties*: Cabernet Sauvignon, Carignan, Mourvèdre
Clairette, Semillon, Ugni Blanc, Vermentino
Minimum Alcohol Level: 11.5%

*Varieties that are allowed to be planted


KEY FACTS:

Production
Rosé and red wines

Volume
500 hectoliters
(rosé and red)

Authorized yield
50 hl/hectare

Côtes de Provence Fréjus AOP Rosé Wine Rules
Maximum Residual Sugar: 3 grams per liter
Primary Grape Varieties: Grenache, Mourvèdre, Syrah, Tibouren
Secondary Grape Varieties: Cinsault
Minimum Alcohol Level: 11.5%

*Varieties that are allowed to be planted


KEY FACTS:

Production
Rosé and red wines

Volume
6,600 hectoliters (rosé and red)

Authorized yield
50 hl/hectare

Côtes de Provence La Londe AOP Rosé Wine Rules
Maximum Residual Sugar: 4 grams per liter
Primary Grape Varieties*: Cinsault, Grenache
Secondary Grape Varieties*: Carignan, Mourvèdre, Syrah, Tibouren
Clairette, Sémillon, Ugni Blanc, Vermentino
Minimum Alcohol Level: 11.5%

*Varieties that are allowed to be planted


KEY FACTS:

Production
Rosé and red wines

Volume
5,100 hectoliters (rosé and red)

Authorized yield
50 hl/hectare for rosés
45 hl/hectare for reds

Côtes de Provence Pierrefeu AOP Rosé Wine Rules
Maximum Residual Sugar: 3 or 4 grams per liter (3 if alcohol level is 13.0% or lower, 4 if it is more than 13%)
Primary Grape Varieties*: Cinsault, Grenache, Syrah
Secondary Grape Varieties*: Mourvèdre, Tibouren
Clairette, Sémillon, Ugni Blanc, Vermentino
Minimum Alcohol Level: 11.5%

*Varieties that are allowed to be planted


KEY FACTS:

Area
Approx. 10,000 acres

Production
Nearly 27 million bottles;
202,000 hectoliters (hl)

Rosé: 83%
Red: 12.5%
White: 4.5%

Producers
65 private cellars
12 cooperative cellars

Authorized yield
60 hl/hectare

Average yield
49 hl/hectare

Coteaux d’Aix- en-Provence AOP Rosé Wine Rules
Maximum Residual Sugar: 4 grams per liter
Primary Grape Varieties*: Cinsault, Counoise, Grenache, Mourvèdre, Syrah
Secondary Grape Varieties*: Cabernet Sauvignon, Carignan
Bourboulenc, Clairette, Grenache Blanc, Sauvignon Blanc, Sémillon, Ugni Blanc, Vermentino
Minimum Alcohol Level: 11%

*Varieties that are allowed to be planted


KEY FACTS:

Area
Approx. 6,000 acres

Production
More than 16 million bottles;
121,000 hectoliters

Rosé: 89%
Red: 8%
White: 3%

Producers
75 private cellars
10 cooperative cellars

Authorized yield
59 hl/hectare

Average yield
47 hl/hectare

Coteaux Varois en Provence AOP Rosé Wine Rules
Maximum Residual Sugar: 4 grams per liter
Primary Grape Varieties*: Cinsault, Grenache, Mourvèdre, Syrah
Secondary Grape Varieties*: Cabernet Sauvignon, Carignan, Tibouren
Clairette, Grenache Blanc, Sémillon, Ugni Blanc, Vermentino
Minimum Alcohol Level: 11%

*Varieties that are allowed to be planted